|Project Title||Principal Investigator||Institution|
|Efficacy of a parent-mediated intervention for one-year-olds at risk for autism||Watson, Linda||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|Social communication and symbolic play intervention for preschoolers with autism||Watson, Linda||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|Comparison of two comprehensive treatment models for preschool-aged children with autism spectrum disorders and their families||Odom, Samuel||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|The impact of classroom climate on autism intervention fidelity and outcomes||Dingfelder, Hilary||University of Pennsylvania|
|Implementing evidence-based social skills interventions in public school settings||Locke, Jill||University of Pennsylvania/Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|
|Related services intervention for expressive and receptive language skills in autism spectrum disorder and in cognitive impairment||Camarata, Steven||Vanderbilt University|
|High school inclusion program for students with autism spectrum disorders||Hughes, Carolyn||Vanderbilt University|
|IACC Strategic Plan Objective||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||Total|
Support at least five community-based studies that assess the effectiveness of interventions and services in broader community settings by 2015. Such studies may include comparative effectiveness research studies that assess the relative effectiveness of:
IACC Recommended Budget: $37,500,000 over 5 years
|4.L.D. Funding: The recommended budget was partially met, and the annualized recommended budget targets were met for all 3 years since the objective was introduced. Therefore, the funding for this objective is on track.
Progress: 30-45 studies have been supported, which is greater than the recommended minimum of at least five studies. Considerable work has been done under this objective, but these projects do not cover the full scope of interventions in the community. Comparing the large number of studies to the funding suggests that many small studies are being funded rather than fewer large ones.
Remaining Gaps, Needs, and Opportunities: Emphasis on both the evaluation of interventions in controlled/academic settings prior to community based studies and the translation of interventions to community-based settings is key. Understanding of "Type 2 Translation," or transfer of research from academic settings to real-world settings is important, considering barriers to transferring academic-based interventions to clinical groups and communities. Investment is still necessary in the academic setting before successful translation to community-based interventions can occur. For successful T2 translation to underserved communities, cost effectiveness and case coordination or case management is often helpful with uptake. This objective also overlaps considerably with objectives in Question 5. It is important to explore which supports are specifically executed at the community level (vs. home, schools, etc.), and to determine how they are best designed.