|Project Title||Principal Investigator||Institution|
|Infants at risk of autism: A longitudinal study (supplement)||Ozonoff, Sally||University of California, Davis|
|Oxytocin biology and the social deficits of autism spectrum disorders||Parker, Karen||Stanford University|
|Temporal coordination of social communicative behaviors in infant siblings of children with autism||Parlade, Meaghan||University of Pittsburgh|
|Studying the biology and behavior of autism at 1-year: The Well-Baby Check-Up Approach||Pierce, Karen||University of California, San Diego|
|ACE Center: Clinical Phenotype: Recruitment and Assessment Core||Pierce, Karen||University of California, San Diego|
|Supplement to NIH ACE Network grant: "A longitudinal MRI study of infants at risk for autism"||Piven, Joseph||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|ACE Network: A longitudinal MRI study of infants at risk for autism||Piven, Joseph||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|Placental vascular tree as biomarker of autism/ASD risk||Salafia, Carolyn||Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc.|
|ACE Center: Integrated Biostatistical and Bioinformatic Analysis Core (IBBAC)||Schork, Nicholas||University of California, San Diego|
|Nonlinguistic vocalizations in autism: Acoustic cry analysis in early infancy||Sheinkopf, Stephen||Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island|
|Family/Genetic study of autism||Smith, Christopher||Southwestern Autism Research & Resource Center (SARRC)|
|Multiplexed suspension arrays to investigate newborn and childhood blood samples for potential immune biomarkers of autism||Vogt, Robert||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)|
|Mitochondria and autism||Wallace, Douglas; Gargus, Jay; Golomb, Beatrice; Haas, Richard; Naviaux, Robert; Barshop, Bruce||University of California, Irvine; University of California, San Diego|
|Neurophysiological indices of risk and outcome in autism||Webb, Sara||University of Washington|
|Social communication phenotype of ASD in the second year||Wetherby, Amy||Florida State University|
|Abnormal vestibulo-ocular reflexes in autism: A potential endophenotype||White, Keith||University of Florida|
|Identifying gastrointestinal (GI) conditions in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)||Winter, Harland||Harvard Medical School|
|Validation study of atypical dynamic pupillary light reflex as a biomarker for autism||Yao, Gang||University of Missouri|
|IACC Strategic Plan Objective||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||Total|
|Identify behavioral and biological markers that separately, or in combination, accurately identify, before age 2, one or more subtypes of children at risk for developing ASD, and evaluate whether these risk markers or profiles can improve early identification through heightened developmental monitoring and screening by 2014.
IACC Recommended Budget: $33,300,000 over 5 years
|1.L.A. Funding: The recommended budget was met. Significantly more than the recommended minimum budget was allocated to projects specific to this objective.
Progress: More than 40 projects have been supported in this area, but most projects are still in the discovery phase. Identifying reliable early biomarkers has been challenging, but some progress has been made. More work is needed to achieve the full intent of the objective.
Remaining Gaps, Needs, and Opportunities: Remaining research needs include continued discovery of biomarkers, linking biomarkers to treatment response, validation of biomarkers discovered in high risk populations for applicability in the general population, and evaluation of whether these biomarkers translate to improvement in screening and diagnosis real-world settings. There is also a need for biomarkers that are cost-effective.