ECU Pathways responds to well-documented national and state needs by increasing the quality, quantity, diversity, and retention of licensed special educators to work with students with low-incidence disabilities. ECU Pathways participants will develop critical competencies in research-based special education knowledge and pedagogy, the general education curriculum, working with English language learners (ELL) and other students from diverse cultures, collaboration with general educators, and assistive and educational technology. The project will recruit and support 104 initial licensure students and 36 advanced licensure students through four pathways to program completion. ECU Pathways will include recruitment of paraprofessionals and others in rural communities; on-campus and distance education programs; technology and financial support; integrated coursework and practice; and an e-mentoring initiative. Initial licensure students will also complete an intensive internship and receive ongoing support and professional development during the first three years of teaching. Advanced licensure students will develop a sub-speciality by completing the certificate programs in adaptive technology, autism, or deaf-blindness.