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Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)
Autism Research Database
Office of Autism Research Coordination (OARC)
 
Project Element Element Description

Project Title

Project Title

Strategies to increase cooperation during transitions: A evaluation of student preference

Principal Investigator

Principal Investigator

Dickson, Chata

Description

Description

This study served three purposes. The first purpose was to learn what types of activity transitions are difficult for children with autism, the second was to study effects of advanced notice on pausing and challenging behavior during transitions, and the third was to evaluate participant preference for type of transition. Three young men who were students at a residential school for children with autism participated in this study. Study 1 was a descriptive assessment of challenging behavior during transitions between daily activities. For each of the three participants, the highest level of challenging behavior occurred during transitions from high-preference to low-preference activities. Study 2 was an analysis of effects of three different strategies for ending high-preference activities and transitioning to low-preference activities (no notice, advanced notice, and intervening activity). Of primary interest was pausing, the time it took for a participant to comply with an instruction to begin a new activity after the end of the prior activity. Pausing durations during transitions from high-preference to low-preference activities were greatest in the no notice condition, somewhat less in the advanced notice condition, and least in the intervening activity condition. Study 3 was an analysis of preference for the three strategies from Study 2. Participants preferred either the intervening activity or no notice condition; no participant preferred advance notice. These data were presented at APBA 2013, BABAT 2014, CEC-DADD, 2015, NECC ABA for clinicians 2014, ABAI 2015, BABAT 2015, ICEABA 2016.

Funder

Funder

The New England Center for Children

Fiscal Year Funding

Fiscal Year Funding

1795

Current Award Period

Current Award Period

2013-2016

Strategic Plan Question

Strategic Plan Question

Question 4: Which Treatments And Interventions Will Help?

Strategic Plan Objective

Strategic Plan Objective

Green dot: Objective has greater than or equal to the recommended funding. 4LD. Support at least five community-based studies that assess the effectiveness of interventions and services in broader community settings by 2015. Such studies may include comparative effectiveness research studies that assess the relative effectiveness of: o Different and/or combined medical, pharmacological, nutritional, behavioral, service-provision, and parent- or caregiver-implemented treatments; o Scalable early intervention programs for implementation in underserved, low-resource, and low-literacy populations; and o Studies of widely used community intervention models for which extensive published data are not available. Outcome measures should include assessment of potential harm as a result of autism treatments, as well as positive outcomes. IACC Recommended Budget: $37,500,000 over 5 years.

Project Link

Project Link

No link available.

Institution

Institution

New England Center for Children (NECC)

State/Country

State/Country

Massachusetts

Project Number

Project Number

Federal or Private?

Federal or Private?

Private

Received ARRA Funding?

Received ARRA Funding?

No

History/Related Projects

History/Related Projects

Strategies to increase cooperation during transitions: A evaluation of student preference | 1750 | 2014 |

 
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