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Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)
Autism Research Database
Office of Autism Research Coordination (OARC)
 
Project Element Element Description

Project Title

Project Title

Early intervention in an underserved population

Principal Investigator

Principal Investigator

Lord, Catherine

Description

Description

The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has increased dramatically in recent years, with recent data reporting one out of every 150 children being affected (CDC MMWR, 2007). Although our understanding of the cause, course, and prognosis of ASD has developed greatly in past decades, there has been a significant lack of research focusing on sociodemographic factors that may influence rates of identification and subsequent treatment. This is of particular concern because significant social disparities in autism services have been identified (Mandell, et al., 2009). Families of racial/ethnic minority, lower levels of education, and those who live in non-metropolitan areas experience greater limitations in accessing services for ASD (Thomas, Ellis, McLaurin, Daniels, & Morrissey, 2007). The purpose of the proposed project is to expand, adapt, and evaluate a modified version of an early intervention working with caregivers from a low-income, underserved population. This study proposes a randomized group crossover experimental design with 60 children randomly assigned to receive either a caregiver-implemented intervention or community support. The study aims 1) to compare of the effectiveness of the two treatment conditions on outcome measures of social communication skills, autism symptoms, developmental levels, and adaptive behavior; 2) to identify specific child and family characteristics that predict response to intervention, as well as providing a preliminary examination of how factors at the caregiver level mediate child outcome measures; and 3) to test the overall applicability of the early intervention in the targeted population. The study will begin to investigate moderating and mediating factors of service utilization, satisfaction, and adherences.

Funder

Funder

Autism Speaks

Fiscal Year Funding

Fiscal Year Funding

85420

Current Award Period

Current Award Period

2010-2013

Strategic Plan Question

Strategic Plan Question

Question 4: Which Treatments And Interventions Will Help?

Strategic Plan Objective

Strategic Plan Objective

Green dot: Objective has greater than or equal to the recommended funding. 4LD. Support at least five community-based studies that assess the effectiveness of interventions and services in broader community settings by 2015. Such studies may include comparative effectiveness research studies that assess the relative effectiveness of: o Different and/or combined medical, pharmacological, nutritional, behavioral, service-provision, and parent- or caregiver-implemented treatments; o Scalable early intervention programs for implementation in underserved, low-resource, and low-literacy populations; and o Studies of widely used community intervention models for which extensive published data are not available. Outcome measures should include assessment of potential harm as a result of autism treatments, as well as positive outcomes. IACC Recommended Budget: $37,500,000 over 5 years.

Project Link

Project Link

Early intervention in an underserved population (External web link)

Institution

Institution

University of Michigan

State/Country

State/Country

Michigan

Project Number

Project Number

5766

Federal or Private?

Federal or Private?

Private

Received ARRA Funding?

Received ARRA Funding?

No

History/Related Projects

History/Related Projects

Early intervention in an underserved population | 73763 | 2010 | 5766
Early intervention in an underserved population | 73763 | 2011 | 5766
Early intervention in an underserved population | 73219 | 2012 | 5766

 
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