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Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)
Autism Research Database
Office of Autism Research Coordination (OARC)
 
Project Element Element Description

Project Title

Project Title

Comparing AMMT vs. Control Therapy in facilitating speech output in nonverbal children with autism

Principal Investigator

Principal Investigator

Schlaug, Gottfried

Description

Description

Up to 25% of individuals with autism are nonverbal. At present, there are hardly any established methods that have consistently produced improvements in speech output. Recently, our laboratory has developed Auditory Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), a novel intonation-based intervention, which aims to facilitate speech output in non-verbal children with ASD. Aim: To compare the efficacy of AMMT in facilitating speech output in non-verbal children with autism, relative to a control intervention. Participants will be 24 nonverbal children with autism between 4-8 years. Participants will be assigned to two therapy groups: 1) AMMT and 2) control therapy. For both conditions, three baseline sessions will be conducted, followed by 25 treatment sessions (5 days/week at 45 mins each), and 2 follow-up sessions. The accuracy of each child's speech output will be assessed throughout the course of treatment, and also during the post-treatment phase. The data collected from videos will be coded by independent raters. During each therapy session, the child will be seated facing the therapist. For the AMMT condition, a pair of tuned drums will be used, with each drum playing a fixed pitch. The therapist introduces the target words by intoning the words while simultaneously tapping the drums on the same two pitches to facilitate auditory-motor mapping. The child is led from listening to the therapist, to unison voicing, to partially-supported voicing, to immediate repetition, and finally to producing the target word on their own. For the control condition, the same stimuli and procedure will be used, but with the intonation and motor components omitted. That is, the therapist will introduce and model the target phrases in a speech-like (i.e., non-intoned) manner, without using the tuned drums. Compared to the control intervention, AMMT is expected to lead to improvements in the accuracy of consonant and vowel productions following treatment with transfer to items that were not trained during therapy. Such findings would be followed by development of a treatment manual to make the intervention accessible to autism treatment centers.

Funder

Funder

Autism Speaks

Fiscal Year Funding

Fiscal Year Funding

0

Current Award Period

Current Award Period

2011-2013

Strategic Plan Question

Strategic Plan Question

Question 4: Which Treatments And Interventions Will Help?

Strategic Plan Objective

Strategic Plan Objective

Green dot: Objective has greater than or equal to the recommended funding. 4SG. Support at least five studies on interventions for nonverbal individuals with ASD by 2012. Such studies may include: o Projects examining service-provision models that enhance access to augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) supports in both classroom and adult service-provision settings, such as residential service-provision and the impact of such access on quality of life, communication, and behavior; o Studies of novel treatment approaches that facilitate communication skills in individuals who are nonverbal, including the components of effective AAC approaches for specific subpopulations of people with ASD; and o Studies assessing access and use of AAC for children and adults with ASD who have limited or partially limited speech and the impact on functional outcomes and quality of life. IACC Recommended Budget: $3,000,000 over 2 years.

Project Link

Project Link

Comparing AMMT vs. Control Therapy in facilitating speech output in nonverbal children with autism (External web link)

Institution

Institution

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

State/Country

State/Country

Massachusetts

Project Number

Project Number

7504

Federal or Private?

Federal or Private?

Private

Received ARRA Funding?

Received ARRA Funding?

No

History/Related Projects

History/Related Projects

Comparing AMMT vs. Control Therapy in facilitating speech output in nonverbal children with autism | 60000 | 2011 | 7504
Comparing AMMT vs. Control Therapy in facilitating speech output in nonverbal children with autism | 0 | 2013 | 7504

 
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