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Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)
Autism Research Database
Office of Autism Research Coordination (OARC)
 
Project Element Element Description

Project Title

Project Title

A novel parent directed intervention to enhance language development in nonverbal children with ASD

Principal Investigator

Principal Investigator

Patterson, Stephanie

Description

Description

Language and communication skills are important predictors of long-term outcome for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (Stone & Yoder, 2001) and therefore they are a priority for families and service professionals. A notable core deficit amongst children with ASD is the variable rate of development and range of functional outcomes in language compared to typically developing peers (Wetherby, 2006). Although approximately a quarter of children with ASD are nonverbal (Wendt, 2009), intervention literature targeting language is limited in regard to children who have little or no verbal language by the time they exit the preschool years (Lord et al., 2005). Preverbal communication skills, specifically joint attention abilities have been identified as predictors of language development (Mundy & Crowson, 1997). Prior to verbal language development, parents are instrumental at initiating and responding to bids for joint attention with their children (Schertz & Odom, 2007). A transactional model of development (Sameroff, 2010) emphasizes the significance of bidirectional exchanges between child and environment as the context for early learning. Congruent with this theory, a parent's ability to engage and then maintain his or her child in periods of joint engagement has been reported to predict a child's language growth (Siller & Sigman, 2002). This randomized control trial will examine parents' ability to learn and implement a novel joint engagement intervention (Kasari, Freeman & Paparella, 2006) designed to target the core symptom domain of language and communication with their child who is nonverbal despite intensive intervention programming up to age five.

Funder

Funder

Autism Speaks

Fiscal Year Funding

Fiscal Year Funding

0

Current Award Period

Current Award Period

2010-2012

Strategic Plan Question

Strategic Plan Question

Question 4: Which Treatments And Interventions Will Help?

Strategic Plan Objective

Strategic Plan Objective

Green dot: Objective has greater than or equal to the recommended funding. 4SG. Support at least five studies on interventions for nonverbal individuals with ASD by 2012. Such studies may include: o Projects examining service-provision models that enhance access to augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) supports in both classroom and adult service-provision settings, such as residential service-provision and the impact of such access on quality of life, communication, and behavior; o Studies of novel treatment approaches that facilitate communication skills in individuals who are nonverbal, including the components of effective AAC approaches for specific subpopulations of people with ASD; and o Studies assessing access and use of AAC for children and adults with ASD who have limited or partially limited speech and the impact on functional outcomes and quality of life. IACC Recommended Budget: $3,000,000 over 2 years.

Project Link

Project Link

A novel parent directed intervention to enhance language development in nonverbal children with ASD (External web link)

Institution

Institution

University of California, Los Angeles

State/Country

State/Country

California

Project Number

Project Number

7036

Federal or Private?

Federal or Private?

Private

Received ARRA Funding?

Received ARRA Funding?

No

History/Related Projects

History/Related Projects

A novel parent directed intervention to enhance language development in nonverbal children with ASD | 28000 | 2010 | 7036
A novel parent directed intervention to enhance language development in nonverbal children with ASD | 28000 | 2011 | 7036

 
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