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Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)
Autism Research Database
Office of Autism Research Coordination (OARC)
 
Project Element Element Description

Project Title

Project Title

Nonsocial Interests and Reward Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Principal Investigator

Principal Investigator

Unruh, Kathryn

Description

Description

This project will examine the behavioral, attentional, and neural consequences of the bias that prioritizes nonsocial over social sources of stimulation that appears to be pathognomonic of autism. A primary consequence of this nonsocial bias may be both the development of circumscribed interests and the canalization of experience-dependent development away from social experience at a young age. If this is true, then nonsocial bias may constrain social learning and development in ASD. For this reason, isolation and measurement of nonsocial bias at an early age in ASD may assist in the design of novel forms of early intervention to help overcome the social cognitive and behavioral deficits of ASD. This project will: (1) Determine if circumscribed interests (CI) occur in toddlers with ASD and are associated with functional impairment, (2) Determine if visual attention in toddlers with ASD is biased toward nonsocial sources of information and if this attentional bias is associated with the expression of CI, and (3) Determine if toddlers with ASD demonstrate alterations in magnitude of the ERP/LPP component to nonsocial stimuli and if atypical neural responses to nonsocial stimuli are associated with CI.

Funder

Funder

Autism Speaks

Fiscal Year Funding

Fiscal Year Funding

30000

Current Award Period

Current Award Period

2015-2017

Strategic Plan Question

Strategic Plan Question

Question 2: How Can I Understand What Is Happening?

Strategic Plan Objective

Strategic Plan Objective

Yellow dot: Objective has some degree of funding, but less than the recommended amount. 2LB. Launch at least three studies which evaluate the applicability of ASD phenotype and/or biological signature findings for performing diagnosis, risk assessment, or clinical intervention by 2015. IACC Recommended Budget: $7,200,000 over 5 years.

Project Link

Project Link

Nonsocial Interests and Reward Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorders (External web link)

Institution

Institution

Vanderbilt University

State/Country

State/Country

Tennessee

Project Number

Project Number

9557

Federal or Private?

Federal or Private?

Private

Received ARRA Funding?

Received ARRA Funding?

No

History/Related Projects

History/Related Projects

N/A

 
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