This grant supports the Independent Phase of an NIH Pathway to Independence Career Development Award. The candidate's postdoctoral research focused on how the brain perceives and responds to stimuli with important social meaning. During the mentored phase of the award, the candidate learned to design, conduct, and analyze intracranial event-related potential recordings in the human temporal cortex. With this technique, the candidate was able to demonstrate a functional dissociation between face and body processing in the brain. Further training focused on the application of modern functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and analysis techniques to help uncover anatomical and functional connections between specific brain regions. In the independent phase of this award, the young investigator will focus on understanding the effects of low-level stimulus factors as well as differences in motivation and behavior on brain activity during social perception. The successful completion of experiments proposed here will lead to a solid foundation on which to build an independent research career. The results from the proposed research will contribute to important discoveries being made regarding the neural correlates of social perception.