Project Detail
Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC) logo
Office of Autism Research Coordination (OARC) logo

Genetics and gene-environment interactions in a Korean epidemiological sample of autism  

The study of genetic variants that contribute to autism has been greatly facilitated by repositories of DNA collected from people with the disorder and their families in clinical settings. Epidemiologic studies take this a step further by collecting data from entire communities; these types of studies provide a more comprehensive description of autism's clinical symptoms and genetic variation than those that only include children who have already been diagnosed. Large-scale population studies are particularly valuable, as they allow researchers to conduct risk assessments for a broad range of people. Young Shin Kim, of Yale University, and her colleagues are currently undertaking such an effort in Cheonan, South Korea. Their study will take advantage of the ongoing Korean Environmental Studies I and II, which have obtained blood or saliva samples from 10,000 6- to 12-year-old Korean children. Kim's team plans to collect autism phenotype data — from standard behavioral measures such as the Social Responsiveness Scale and Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire — as well as DNA from biological samples from all 10,000 children. In a relatively short time — the project is expected to take 18 to 24 months — the researchers will have assembled a huge repository of autism-related data from a genetically homogeneous cohort; Koreans originate from a single population, and marriage to people of other ethnicities is uncommon. The researchers believe this consistency boosts the statistical power of their data and provides a unique resource for discovering both common and rare genetic variants that cause or increase the risk of autism, understanding how these genes underlie the disorder's clinical traits, assessing the distribution of these traits and variants, and uncovering gene-environment interactions that lead to development of the disorder. Project Status
ONGOING

2010

Funder Simons Foundation
Fiscal Year Funding $149,354.00
Current Award Period 2009-2012
Project Number 137032
Principal Investigator Kim, Young Shin
Received ARRA Funding? No
Strategic Plan Question Question 3: What Caused This To Happen And Can This Be Prevented? (Causes)
Subcategory Gene-Environment
Strategic Plan Objective Yellow dot: Objective has some degree of funding, but less than the recommended amount. 3SC. Initiate efforts to expand existing large case-control and other studies to enhance capabilities for targeted gene – environment research by 2011. IACC Recommended Budget: $27,800,000 over 5 years.
Federal or Private? Private
Institution Yale University
State/Country Connecticut
Web Link 1 Genetics and gene-environment interactions in a Korean epidemiological sample of autism (External web link)
Web Link 2 No URL available.
Web Link 3 No URL available.
New! History/Related Projects Genetics and gene-environment interactions in a Korean epidemiological sample of autism | $74,692.00 | 2009 | 137032